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Cupfeeding or bottlefeeding

Milk is an ideal breeding ground for the bacteria that cause gastro-enteritis, an illness that could be life-threatening to your baby.

  • Wash all the feeding utensils after every feed, using water and soap or detergent.  Use a bottle-brush to clean the inside of the bottles thoroughly.  Rub household salt inside the teats to clean out the milk deposits and rinse under runnig water.
  • Sterilise the equipment after cleaning.

Sterilising methods


  • Place the clean utensils in a pot of water and boil for 15 minutes.  Leave covered until needed.
  • Boil teats for three minutes.

Chemical solutions

  • Hypochlorite solution:   There are different commercial brands on the market.  Follow the instruction carefully.
  • Jik solution:   In a clean container with a lid, mix:
    • 2 Litres of clean water
    • 1 tablespoon unperfumed Jik
    • 1 teaspoon salt

Make up a fresh chemical solution every 24 hours.

Put teats and caps upside down in the solution and ensure that the utensils are totally covered by the solution with no air bubbles trapped inside.

Do not rinse the items after taking them out of the solution.

Specialised steam

There are different commercial brands on the market.  Follow the instructions carefully.




  • Always check the temperature of prepared feeds by squirting milk on the inside of your forearm.  It should be at body temperature.
  • Babies usually prefer what they are used to.  Only heat the bottle just before feeding.  Place the bottle in warm water and do not overheat.  Never let the milk stand at room temperature.
  • Your baby should be warm, clean and dry before feeding.
  • You and your baby should be comfortable.
  • Find a quiet place, perhaps with relaxing music, so that you can enjoy the special time together.
  • Hold your baby close and talk to him.   Close physical contact while feeding help promote trust and love.
  • The bottle should be tipped so that the teat is full of milk, not air.
  • Small air bubbles in the bottle show that the milk is flowing properly.
  • It may be necessary to twist the bottle and teat while your baby is drinking to let in air and prevent a vacuum from forming.  Some babies let go of the teat from time to time, solving the problem themselves.
  • Change sides during bottle feeding - your baby looks at you and needs to develop his neck muscles evenly.
  • Never prop-feed or leave your baby alone while feeding as there is a real danger of choking, as well as an increased incidence of middle-ear infections.



Inconsolable cyring for which no physical cause can be found is usually an indication of colic.  The baby becomes red in the face and draws her legs up as if in pain.  This can continue for three hours a day, and can last from three weeks to three or four months.

Exclude hunger and infection (usually viral) before assuming your child has colic, as these can present in exactly the same way as colic.

  • Consult your doctor before administering any medicines to alleviate colic.
  • Remember, you are not the cause of the colic and it will pass with no lasting effects.


Each baby is an individual with his own teething pattern.  The first tooth usually erupts at any time form 5 - 9 months.  There are 20 temporary, or milk teeths - 10 in each jaw.  By the age of two-and-a-half a child usually has a full set of milk teeths.

  • Look after the primary teeth well.  They make room for the permanent teeths and prevent overcrowding and malpositoning.
  • Clean teeth regulary with a damp cloth for a one-year-old baby.  Later, help him to use a toothbrush.
  • Never dip dummy into anything sweet or give juice or anything sweet at night.
  • Determine the reason if your baby is unwell.  No general condition or fever should ever be ascribed to teething.
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